Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood throughout the body. This blood is rich in oxygen, and it is transported from the heart to every part of the body, brain to toe. Healthy arteries have smoother inner walls for blood to flow smoothly through them, but sometimes, due to bad diet and other lifestyle factors there can be accumulations of plaque in these vessels.
It gets accumulated on the walls of these vessels and results in an impaired flow of blood. Arterial plaque, in some cases, can even block the arteries completely. These clogged or blocked arteries increase the likelihood of heart-related issues, such as heart attack, stroke, and even death.
In many cases, the clogged arteries do not cause any symptoms until a big event such as heart attack or stroke occurs, but there can be some warning signs that can help prevent.
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At other times, when the artery is blocked by 70%, the build-up of the plaque may give the following –
The first symptom is most commonly chest pain, is also called angina. It’s end results from reduced blood flow to the heart. This is because of the arteries that lead to the heart being clogged. This result in transient ischemic attacks or TIAs. The following symptoms might be there –
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Plaque that collects on the inner walls of the arteries is made of various particles that circulate with the blood. These can be fats, calcium, cholesterol, cellular waste, and fibrin. To cure this arterial clogging, the walls also release different substances, that worsen the situation eventually. This condition is called atherosclerosis, and it results in more and more narrowing of the vessels, along with them becoming hard.
Although there are a lot of reasons behind this build-up, a few can be –
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The level of complications depends on the depth of arterial plaque accumulation. Clogged arteries in other parts of the body lead to various medical conditions, including:
Clogged arteries if found in the peripheral artery can result in causing –
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There are several tests for clogged arteries. The doctor determines which test has to prescribed based on the symptoms and medical history. They include:
The best cardiac hospitals all over in India advise for the following modifications and treatments for arterial plaque –
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