COVID 19, this virus doesn’t require any introduction separately at this stage of the pandemic. It has been more than a year that mankind has been constantly battling this invisible monster that has affected all our lives.
After a long wait and struggle, with the death toll rising each day COVID-19 vaccine was released. India started administering vaccines from 16th of January 2021.
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A COVID 19 vaccine is manufactured to provide acquired immunity against Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2). Before the COVID-19 pandemic, there existed an acquired and established body of knowledge regarding the functioning and structure of coronaviruses causing respiratory diseases like SARS(Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) and MERS(Middle East Respiratory Syndrome).
This established body of knowledge enabled the speedy development of diverse vaccine technologies during the initial phase of the year 2020. On the 10th of January 2020, that genetic sequence data of the SARS-COV-2 was shared through GISAID, a global initiative and the primary source of information, established in 2008. It gives open access to data of influenza virus and the coronavirus responsible for the current pandemic. Having acquired access to this body of information and source, all pharmaceutical companies worldwide, including India, committed themselves to address COVID 19.
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Vaccine Scenario in India
At the initial stage of the vaccination program in India, two COVID-19 vaccines were approved for emergency use in India. The list of COVID vaccines available in India are:
So, these are the names of COVID vaccines available in India. A suggestion for you is that whatever vaccine is available in your area,please immunize yourself as soon as possible
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As of April 27, 2021, India has administered about 147,827,367 overall doses of vaccines, including first and second dosage. So far 9% of the Indian population has received one dose of the currently available vaccine and 2% has received both doses. Covaxin has been proved to have an efficacy rate of 81%, while Covishield has shown 90% effectiveness when people were initially given half a dose first and then a full dose.
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The Serum Institute of India has said that Covishield is “highly effective” but still speculations and controversies surround it. The third vaccine Sputnik V is now approved and is expected to give 92% protection against COVID 19, but unless it starts getting administered we still don’t know for sure which vaccine should be the best one to protect us from this deadly new strain of the COVID 19 virus.
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